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Estimating Income and Price Elasticities of Trade in a Cointegration Framework

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  • Caporale, Guglielmo Maria
  • Chui, Michael K F

Abstract

This paper presents further evidence on the empirical regularity known as the "45-degree rule." Income and price elasticities of trade are estimated for 21 countries in a cointegration framework. More specifically, the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) modeling approach and the DOLS procedure are adopted to estimate the long-run structure. The empirical results confirm the existence of a systematic relationship between growth rates and income elasticity estimates: faster growing economies have high-income elasticities of demand for their exports but lower import elasticities, which implies that faster growth can be observed without any marked secular trend in real exchange rates. Copyright 1999 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Suggested Citation

  • Caporale, Guglielmo Maria & Chui, Michael K F, 1999. "Estimating Income and Price Elasticities of Trade in a Cointegration Framework," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(2), pages 254-264, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:reviec:v:7:y:1999:i:2:p:254-64
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