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Women's Employment Transitions around Child Bearing


  • Dex, Shirley, et al


The dynamics of women's labor supply are examined at a crucial stage of their lifecycle. This paper uses the longitudinal employment history records for the 3,898 thirty-three-year old mothers in the Fifth Sweep of the 1958 National Child Development Study cohort in the United Kingdom. Models of binary recurrent events are estimated, which correct for unobserved heterogeneity, using SABRE software. These focus on women's first transition to employment after the first childbirth and on the monthly transitions from first childbirth until censoring at the interview. Evidence of a polarization is found between highly educated, high-wage mothers and lower-educated, low-wage mothers. Copyright 1998 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Suggested Citation

  • Dex, Shirley, et al, 1998. "Women's Employment Transitions around Child Bearing," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 60(1), pages 79-98, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:60:y:1998:i:1:p:79-98

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gottschalk, Peter, 1996. "Is the correlation in welfare participation across generations spurious?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 1-25, December.
    2. Arulampalam, Wiji & Booth, Alison L & Elias, Peter, 1996. "Modeling Work-related Training and Training Effects Using Count Data Techniques," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 448, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:cep:sticas:/122 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cordula Zabel, 2007. "Eligibility for materniy leave and first birth timing in Great Britain," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-009, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    3. Magdalena M. Muszynska, 2004. "Employment after childbearing: a comparative study of Italy and Norway," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2004-030, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    4. Cordula Zabel, 2009. "Eligibility for Maternity Leave and First Birth Timing in Great Britain," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 28(3), pages 251-270, June.
    5. Gatrell, Caroline Jane, 2007. "Secrets and lies: Breastfeeding and professional paid work," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 393-404, July.
    6. Lia Pacelli & Silvia Pasqua & Claudia Villosio, 2007. "What Does the Stork Bring to Women’s Working Career?," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 58, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
    7. Jérôme De Henau & Danièle Meulders & Sile Padraigin O'Dorchai, 2006. "The comparative effectiveness of public policies to fight motherhood-induced employment penalties and decreasing fertility in the former EU-15," DULBEA Working Papers 0026, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    8. Alba, Alfonso & Álvarez Llorente, Gema, 2001. "La actividad laboral de la mujer en el entorno del nacimiento de un hijo," DE - Documentos de Trabajo. Economía. DE de010401, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
    9. Jonas Wood & Karel Neels & Jorik Vergauwen, 2016. "Economic and Institutional Context and Second Births in Seven European Countries," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 35(3), pages 305-325, June.
    10. Ainhoa Herrarte & Julián Moral-Carcedo & Felipe Sáez, 2012. "The impact of childbirth on Spanish women’s decisions to leave the labor market," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 441-468, September.
    11. Alfonso Alba Ramírez & Gema Alvarez Llorente, 2004. "Actividad laboral de la mujer en torno al nacimiento de un hijo," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 28(3), pages 429-460, September.
    12. Suzana Koelet & Helga A.G. De Valk & Ignace Glorieux & Ilse Laurijssen & Didier Willaert, 2015. "The timing of family commitments in the early work career," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 32(22), pages 657-690, March.
    13. Davia, María A. & Legazpe, Nuria, 2012. "Decisiones laborales de las mujeres casadas o cohabitantes en España/Employment Decisions of Married or Cohabiting Women in Spain," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 30, pages 1065(22.)-1, Diciembre.
    14. María Davia & Nuria Legazpe, 2014. "Determinants of Employment Decisions After the First Child Birth in Spain," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 35(2), pages 214-227, June.
    15. David McClendon & Janet Kuo & R. Raley, 2014. "Opportunities to Meet: Occupational Education and Marriage Formation in Young Adulthood," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 51(4), pages 1319-1344, August.
    16. Stewart, Kitty, 2007. "Employment trajectories for mothers in low-skilled work: evidence from the British lone parent cohort," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 6215, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    17. Marcela Perticara, 2006. "Women’s Employment Transitions and Fertility," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv172, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
    18. Kuhlenkasper, Torben & Kauermann, Göran, 2010. "Duration of maternity leave in Germany: A case study of nonparametric hazard models and penalized splines," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 466-473, June.
    19. Andrea Bassanini & Danielle Venn, 2008. "The Impact of Labour Market Policies on Productivity in OECD Countries," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 17, pages 3-15, Fall.
    20. Mc Quaid, Ronald & Bergmann, Ariel, 2008. "Employer recruitment preferences and discrimination: a stated preference experiment," MPRA Paper 30801, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. Rossin, Maya, 2011. "The effects of maternity leave on children's birth and infant health outcomes in the United States," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 221-239, March.
    22. Li Ma, 2014. "Economic crisis and women’s labor force return after childbirth: Evidence from South Korea," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 31(18), pages 511-552, August.
    23. Gatrell, Caroline Jane, 2011. "'I'm a bad mum': Pregnant presenteeism and poor health at work," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 72(4), pages 478-485, February.

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