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Lorenz Domination, Utilitarian Deprivation Rule and Equal Sacrifice Principle

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  • Chakravarty, Satya R
  • Mukherjee, Diganta

Abstract

Of two income distributions x and y, over a given population size, the authors say that the former dominates the latter by the utilitarian deprivation rule if, for any person, the aggregate utility shortfall from richer persons under x is at least as large as that under y. In this paper, they show that if the relative risk aversion associated with the utility function does not exceed unity, then any Lorenz-consistent income tax function will make the posttax distribution no more deprived than the pretax distribution according to the utilitarian deprivation rule. The converse of this proposition holds if the risk-aversion measure is not less than one. It then follows that if the utility function is of logarithmic type then consistency between the two criteria holds. Finally, the authors relate their results to the equal sacrifice principle. Copyright 1998 by Blackwell Publishers Ltd and The Victoria University of Manchester

Suggested Citation

  • Chakravarty, Satya R & Mukherjee, Diganta, 1998. "Lorenz Domination, Utilitarian Deprivation Rule and Equal Sacrifice Principle," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 66(5), pages 521-531, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:manch2:v:66:y:1998:i:5:p:521-31
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    Cited by:

    1. Elena Bárcena-Martín & Luis Imedio-Olmedo & Guillermina Martín-Reyes, 2007. "Inequality and deprivation within and between groups: An illustration of European union countries," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 5(3), pages 323-337, December.
    2. Luis Imedio-Olmedo & Encarnación Parrado-Gallardo & Elena Bárcena-Martín, 2012. "Income Inequality Indices Interpreted as Measures of Relative Deprivation/Satisfaction," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 109(3), pages 471-491, December.
    3. Edward Anderson & Lucio Esposito, 2014. "On the joint evaluation of absolute and relative deprivation," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 12(3), pages 411-428, September.

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