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Statistical methods to evaluate health effects associated with major sources of air pollution: a case-study of breathing patterns during exposure to concentrated Boston air particles

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  • Margaret C. Nikolov
  • Brent A. Coull
  • Paul J. Catalano
  • Edgar Diaz
  • John J. Godleski

Abstract

We conduct a case-study evaluating the source-specific effects of particulate matter on respiratory function. Using a structural equation approach, we assess the effect of different receptor models on the estimated source-specific effects for univariate respiratory response. Furthermore, we extend the structural equation model by placing a factor analysis model on the response to represent the measured respiratory responses in terms of underlying respiratory patterns. We estimate the particulate matter source-specific effects on respiratory rate, accentuated normal breathing and airway irritation and find a strong increase in airway irritation that is associated with exposure to motor vehicle particulate matter. Copyright (c) 2008 Royal Statistical Society.

Suggested Citation

  • Margaret C. Nikolov & Brent A. Coull & Paul J. Catalano & Edgar Diaz & John J. Godleski, 2008. "Statistical methods to evaluate health effects associated with major sources of air pollution: a case-study of breathing patterns during exposure to concentrated Boston air particles," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series C, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 57(3), pages 357-378.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jorssc:v:57:y:2008:i:3:p:357-378
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