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Competition and Collusion in the American Automobile Industry: The 1955 Price War

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  • Bresnahan, Timothy F

Abstract

Movements in total quantity and in quality-adjusted price suggest a supply-side shock in the American automobile market in 1955. This paper tests the hypothesis that the shock was a transitory change in industry conduct, a price war. The key ingredients of the test are alternative equilibrium models of oligopoly under product differentiation. In nonnested (Cox) tests of hypotheses, a collusive solution is sustained in 1954 and in 1956, while a competitive solution holds in 1955. The result does not appear to be an artifact, since it is robust in tests against alternative specifications. Copyright 1987 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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  • Bresnahan, Timothy F, 1987. "Competition and Collusion in the American Automobile Industry: The 1955 Price War," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 35(4), pages 457-482, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:35:y:1987:i:4:p:457-82
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