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Corporate Fraud and Business Conditions: Evidence from IPOs

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  • TRACY YUE WANG
  • ANDREW WINTON
  • XIAOYUN YU

Abstract

We examine how a firm's incentive to commit fraud when going public varies with investor beliefs about industry business conditions. Fraud propensity increases with the level of investor beliefs about industry prospects but decreases when beliefs are extremely high. We find that two mechanisms are at work: monitoring by investors and short-term executive compensation, both of which vary with investor beliefs about industry prospects. We also find that monitoring incentives of investors and underwriters differ. Our results are consistent with models of investor beliefs and corporate fraud, and suggest that regulators and auditors should be vigilant for fraud during booms. Copyright (c) 2010 the American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Tracy Yue Wang & Andrew Winton & Xiaoyun Yu, 2010. "Corporate Fraud and Business Conditions: Evidence from IPOs," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 65(6), pages 2255-2292, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:65:y:2010:i:6:p:2255-2292
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    Cited by:

    1. Marco Pagano & Giovanni Immordino, 2012. "Corporate Fraud, Governance, and Auditing," Review of Corporate Finance Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 1(1), pages 109-133.
    2. Wei Shi & Brian L. Connelly & Wm. Gerard Sanders, 2016. "Buying bad behavior: Tournament incentives and securities class action lawsuits," Strategic Management Journal, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 37(7), pages 1354-1378, July.
    3. Hanley, Kathleen Weiss & Hoberg, Gerard, 2012. "Litigation risk, strategic disclosure and the underpricing of initial public offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(2), pages 235-254.
    4. Jiandong Chen & Douglas Cumming & Wenxuan Hou & Edward Lee, 2016. "CEO Accountability for Corporate Fraud: Evidence from the Split Share Structure Reform in China," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 138(4), pages 787-806, November.
    5. repec:bla:stratm:v:38:y:2017:i:6:p:1268-1286 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Mark Egan & Gregor Matvos & Amit Seru, 2016. "The Market for Financial Adviser Misconduct," NBER Working Papers 22050, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Hoberg, Gerard & Lewis, Craig, 2017. "Do fraudulent firms produce abnormal disclosure?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 58-85.
    8. Tomasz Piskorski & Amit Seru & James Witkin, 2013. "Asset Quality Misrepresentation by Financial Intermediaries: Evidence from RMBS Market," NBER Working Papers 18843, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. repec:eee:riibaf:v:41:y:2017:i:c:p:198-219 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Li, Xingli & Pukthuanthong, Kuntara & Glenn Walker, Marcus & Walker, Thomas John, 2016. "The determinants of IPO-related shareholder litigation: The role of CEO equity incentives and corporate governance," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 81-126.
    11. Tim Lohse & Christian Thomann, 2015. "Are bad times good news for the Securities and Exchange Commission?," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 40(1), pages 33-47, August.
    12. repec:spr:reaccs:v:23:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11142-017-9435-x is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Egan, Mark L. & Matvos, Gregor & Seru, Amit, 2017. "When Harry Fired Sally: The Double Standard in Punishing Misconduct," Research Papers 3510, Stanford University, Graduate School of Business.
    14. Xuan Tam & Eric Young & bo sun, 2014. "Regulatory Intensity, Crash Risk, and the Business Cycle," 2014 Meeting Papers 416, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    15. James S. Ang & Zhiqian Jiang & Chaopeng Wu, 2016. "Good Apples, Bad Apples: Sorting Among Chinese Companies Traded in the U.S," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 134(4), pages 611-629, April.
    16. Cumming, Douglas & Dannhauser, Robert & Johan, Sofia, 2015. "Financial market misconduct and agency conflicts: A synthesis and future directions," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 150-168.
    17. repec:eee:pacfin:v:48:y:2018:i:c:p:17-34 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:eee:corfin:v:45:y:2017:i:c:p:401-427 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Brandon Julio & Youngsuk Yook, 2016. "Earnings Management and Corporate Investment Decisions," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-086, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    20. repec:eee:jfinec:v:125:y:2017:i:1:p:26-47 is not listed on IDEAS

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