Decision Frequency and Synchronization across Agents: Implications for Aggregate Consumption and Equity Return
This article examines a model in which decisions are made at fixed intervals and are unsynchronized across agents. Agents choose nondurable consumption and portfolio composition, and either or both can be chosen infrequently. A small utility cost is associated with both decisions being made infrequently. Calibrating returns to the U.S. economy, less frequent and unsynchronized decision-making delivers the low volatility of aggregate consumption growth and its low correlation with equity return found in U.S. data. Allowing portfolio rebalancing to occur every period has a negligible impact on the joint behavior of aggregate consumption and returns. Copyright 1996 by American Finance Association.
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Volume (Year): 51 (1996)
Issue (Month): 4 (September)
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