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An Empirical Investigation of Short-Selling Activity Prior to Seasoned Equity Offerings

Author

Listed:
  • Safieddine, Assem
  • Wilhelm, William J, Jr

Abstract

The authors investigate the nature and magnitude of short-selling activity around seasoned equity offerings, the relation between short-selling activity and issue discounts, and the consequences of the Securities and Exchange Commission adoption of Rule 10b-21 in response to concerns about manipulative short-selling practices. Seasoned offerings are characterized by abnormally high levels of short selling and option open interest. Higher levels of such activity are related to lower expected proceeds from the issuance of new shares. Where it could not be circumvented, Rule 10b-21 appears to have curbed short-selling activity and reduced issue discounts. Copyright 1996 by American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Safieddine, Assem & Wilhelm, William J, Jr, 1996. " An Empirical Investigation of Short-Selling Activity Prior to Seasoned Equity Offerings," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(2), pages 729-749, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:51:y:1996:i:2:p:729-49
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    Cited by:

    1. Elliott, William B. & Songur, Hilmi, 2016. "The role of arbitrage risk on the elasticity of demand: New evidence from 100% secondary equity offerings," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 165-172.
    2. Charoenwong, Charlie & Ding, David K. & Wang, Ping, 2013. "Short sales constraint and SEO pricing," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 107-118.
    3. repec:oup:rcorpf:v:5:y:2016:i:2:p:200-238. is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Cinquegrana, Piero, 2009. "Short Selling: A known unknown," ECMI Papers 1671, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    5. Autore, Don M. & Kovacs, Tunde, 2014. "Investor recognition and seasoned equity offers," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 216-233.
    6. repec:kap:jrefec:v:56:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11146-017-9649-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Cristián Pinto, 2015. "The Effect of Investor Attention on the Pricing of Seasoned Equity Offerings," Serie Working Papers 20, Universidad del Desarrollo, School of Business and Economics.
    8. Blau, Benjamin M. & DeLisle, Jared R. & Price, S. McKay, 2015. "Do sophisticated investors interpret earnings conference call tone differently than investors at large? Evidence from short sales," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 203-219.
    9. Dungey, Mardi & McKenzie, Michael D. & Yalama, Abdullah, 2013. "The cross market effects of short sale restrictions," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 53-71.
    10. Karpoff, Jonathan M. & Lee, Gemma & Masulis, Ronald W., 2013. "Contracting under asymmetric information: Evidence from lockup agreements in seasoned equity offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(3), pages 607-626.
    11. Vincent J. Intintoli & Shrikant P. Jategaonkar & Kathleen M. Kahle, 2014. "The Effect of Demand for Shares on the Timing and Underpricing of Seasoned Equity Offers," Financial Management, Financial Management Association International, vol. 43(1), pages 61-86, March.
    12. O. Emre Ergungor & C. N. V. Krishnan & Ajai K. Singh & Allan A. Zebedee, 2004. "Bank seasoned equity offers: do voluntary and involuntary offers differ?," Working Paper 0414, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    13. repec:oup:rfinst:v:29:y:2016:i:12:p:3278-3320. is not listed on IDEAS
    14. He, Peng William & Jarnecic, Elvis & Liu, Yubo, 2016. "Equity issues and the impact of lead manager affiliation on broker market share and trading volume," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 17-33.
    15. repec:dau:papers:123456789/9015 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Fodor, Andy & Gokkaya, Sinan, 2014. "Option implied volatilities and the cost of issuing equity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 88-101.
    17. Chan, Kalok & Chan, Yue-Cheong, 2014. "Price informativeness and stock return synchronicity: Evidence from the pricing of seasoned equity offerings," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(1), pages 36-53.
    18. Autore, Don M. & Gehy, Dominique, 2013. "Changing the rules again: Short selling in connection with public equity offers," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 1974-1985.
    19. R. Jared DeLisle & Bong Soo Lee & Nathan Mauck, 2016. "The dynamic relation between options trading, short selling, and aggregate stock returns," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 645-671, October.
    20. Geczy, Christopher C. & Musto, David K. & Reed, Adam V., 2002. "Stocks are special too: an analysis of the equity lending market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2-3), pages 241-269.
    21. Akhigbe, Aigbe & Whyte, Ann Marie, 2015. "SEO announcement returns and internal capital market efficiency," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 271-283.
    22. Delisle, R. Jared & Lee, Bong Soo & Mauck, Nathan, 2012. "The dynamic relation between short sellers, option traders, and aggregate returns," MPRA Paper 42566, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. repec:eee:corfin:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:121-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. O. Emre Ergungor & C. N. V. Krishnan & Ajai K. Singh & Allan A. Zebedee, 2005. "Offer-price discount of bank seasoned equity offers: do voluntary and involuntary offers convey different information?," Working Paper 0515, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
    25. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Chou, De-Wai & Lai, Christine W. & Yeh, Yi-Ting, 2014. "The role of lending-relationship banks in the underwriting of seasoned equity offerings: Conflict of interest or certification?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 327-346.

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