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Stock Market Crashes and the Performance of Circuit Breakers: Empirical Evidence

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  • Lauterbach, Beni
  • Ben-Zion, Uri

Abstract

This study examines the behavior of a small stock market with circuit breakers and with a one-hour preauction order imbalance disclosure during the October 1987 crash. The crash and its aftershocks lasted for a week and selling pressure was concentrated in higher beta, larger capitalization, and lower leverage firm stocks. Circuit breakers when implemented reduced the next-day opening order imbalance and the initial price loss; however, they had no effect on the long-run response. Some price overreaction and reversal phenomena also are documented. Copyright 1993 by American Finance Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Lauterbach, Beni & Ben-Zion, Uri, 1993. " Stock Market Crashes and the Performance of Circuit Breakers: Empirical Evidence," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(5), pages 1909-1925, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:48:y:1993:i:5:p:1909-25
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    Cited by:

    1. Clapham, Benjamin & Gomber, Peter & Haferkorn, Martin & Panz, Sven, 2017. "Managing excess volatility: Design and effectiveness of circuit breakers," SAFE Working Paper Series 195, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    2. James Brugler & Oliver Linton, 2014. "Circuit Breakers on the London Stock Exchange: Do they improve subsequent market quality?," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1453, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    3. Sandrine Jacob Leal & Mauro Napoletano, 2016. "Market Stability vs. Market Resilience: Regulatory Policies Experiments in an Agent-Based Model with Low- and High- Frequency Trading," Sciences Po publications 2016-12, Sciences Po.
    4. Li, Mingsheng & McCormick, Timothy & Zhao, Xin, 2005. "Order imbalance and liquidity supply: Evidence from the bubble burst of Nasdaq stocks," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 533-555, September.
    5. Farag, Hisham, 2013. "Price limit bands, asymmetric volatility and stock market anomalies: Evidence from emerging markets," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 85-97.
    6. Shmuel Hauser & Yael Tanchuma & Uzi Yaari, 1998. "International Transfer Of Pricing Information Between Dually Listed Stocks," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 21(2), pages 139-157, June.
    7. Chordia, Tarun & Roll, Richard & Subrahmanyam, Avanidhar, 2008. "Liquidity and market efficiency," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 249-268, February.
    8. Oliver Linton & Soheil Mahmoodzadeh, 2018. "Implications of high-frequency trading for security markets," CeMMAP working papers CWP06/18, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    9. James Brugler & Oliver Linton, 2014. "Single stock circuit breakers on the London Stock Exchange: do they improve subsequent market quality?," CeMMAP working papers CWP07/14, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    10. M. Ausloos & K. Ivanova & N. Vandewalle, 2001. "Crashes : symptoms, diagnoses and remedies," Papers cond-mat/0104127, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2001.
    11. Linton, O. & Mahmoodzadeh, S., 2018. "Implications of High-Frequency Trading for Security Markets," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1802, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    12. Cabrales, Antonio & Espin, Antonio & Kujal, Praveen & Rassenti, Stephen, 2017. "Humans' (incorrect) distrust of reflective decisions," CEPR Discussion Papers 11949, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. YongChern Su & HanChing Huang, 2008. "Dynamic causality between intraday return and order imbalance in NASDAQ speculative top gainers," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(18), pages 1489-1499.
    14. Clapham, Benjamin & Gomber, Peter & Haferkorn, Martin & Jentsch, Paul & Panz, Sven, 2018. "Circuit breakers: A survey among international trading venues," SAFE Working Paper Series 197, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    15. Wang, Dingyan & Chong, Terence Tai-Leung & Chan, Wing Hong, 2014. "Price Limits and Stock Market Volatility in China," MPRA Paper 54146, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Farag, Hisham, 2014. "The effectiveness of competing regulatory regimes and the switching effects: Evidence from an emerging market," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 136-147.
    17. Wei, K. C. John & Chiang, Raymond, 2004. "A GMM approach for estimation of volatility and regression models when daily prices are subject to price limits," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 445-461, September.
    18. Hsieh, Ping-Hung & Kim, Yong H. & Yang, J. Jimmy, 2009. "The magnet effect of price limits: A logit approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 830-837, December.
    19. Sandrine Jacob Leal & Mauro Napoletano, 2017. "Market Stability vs. Market Resilience: Regulatory Policies Experiments in an Agent-Based Model with Low- and High-Frequency Trading," Post-Print hal-01768876, HAL.
    20. James Ang & Carol Boyer, 2009. "Has the 1987 crash changed the psyche of the stock market?: The evidence from initial public offerings," Review of Accounting and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 8(2), pages 138-154, May.
    21. Sarah Draus & Mark van Achter, 2012. "Circuit Breakers and Market Runs," CSEF Working Papers 313, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
    22. Veld-Merkoulova, Yulia V., 2003. "Price limits in futures markets: effects on the price discovery process and volatility," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 311-328.

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