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European Integration and Migration Policy: Vertical Policy‐making as Venue Shopping


  • Virginie Guiraudon


Since the beginning of the 1980s, migration and asylum policy in Europe has increasingly been elaborated in supranational forums and implemented by transnational actors. I argue that a venue‐shopping framework is best suited to account for the timing, form and content of European co‐operation in this area. The venues less amenable to restrictive migration control policy are national high courts, other ministries and migrant‐aid organizations. Building upon pre‐existing policy settings and developing new policy frames, governments have circumvented national constraints on migration control by creating transnational co‐operation mechanisms dominated by law and order officials, with EU institutions playing a minor role. European transgovernmental working groups have avoided judicial scrutiny, eliminated other national adversaries and enlisted the help of transnational actors such as transit countries and carriers.

Suggested Citation

  • Virginie Guiraudon, 2000. "European Integration and Migration Policy: Vertical Policy‐making as Venue Shopping," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(2), pages 251-271, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jcmkts:v:38:y:2000:i:2:p:251-271
    DOI: 10.1111/1468-5965.00219

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    Cited by:

    1. Fulya Memisoglu, 2014. "Between the legacy of nation-state and forces of globalisation: Turkey’s management of mixed migration flows," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers p0419, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    2. Hannah Murphy & Aynsley Kellow, 2013. "Forum Shopping in Global Governance: Understanding States, Business and NGOs in Multiple Arenas," Global Policy, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 4(2), pages 139-149, May.
    3. Sabine Saurugger, 2016. "Sociological Approaches to the European Union in Times of Turmoil," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(1), pages 70-86, January.
    4. Ingrid Palmary & Thea De Gruchy & Ali Ashraf & Koh Chiu Yee & Kellynn Wee & Charmian Goh & Brenda S.A. Yeoh, 2018. "How unpopular policies are made: Examples from South Africa, Singapore, and Bangladesh," WIDER Working Paper Series 038, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. repec:eee:irlaec:v:51:y:2017:i:c:p:50-59 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bla:jcmkts:v:55:y:2017:i:6:p:1192-1202 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Gabriele Orcalli, 2007. "Constitutional choice and European immigration policy," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 1-20, March.
    8. Florian Trauner & Ariadna Ripoll Servent, 2016. "The Communitarization of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: Why Institutional Change does not Translate into Policy Change," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(6), pages 1417-1432, November.
    9. des Places, Segolene Barbou & Deffains, Bruno, 2003. "Cooperation in the shadow of regulatory competition: the case of asylum legislation in Europe," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 345-364, December.
    10. Aynsley Kellow, 2012. "Multi-level and multi-arena governance: the limits of integration and the possibilities of forum shopping," International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 12(4), pages 327-342, November.

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