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Why Do Firms Raise Foreign Currency Denominated Debt? Evidence from Finland


  • Matti Keloharju
  • Mervi Niskanen


This study examines the determinants of the decision to raise currency debt. The results suggest that hedging figures importantly in the currency–of–denomination decision: firms in which exports constitute a significant fraction of net sales are more likely to raise currency debt. However, firms also tend to borrow in periods when the nominal interest rate for the loan currency, relative to other currencies, is lower than usual. This is consistent with the currency debt issue decision being affected by speculative motives. Large firms, with a wider access to the international capital markets, are more likely to borrow in foreign currencies than small firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Matti Keloharju & Mervi Niskanen, 2001. "Why Do Firms Raise Foreign Currency Denominated Debt? Evidence from Finland," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 7(4), pages 481-496, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:eufman:v:7:y:2001:i:4:p:481-496
    DOI: 10.1111/1468-036X.00167

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