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Financing Constrains as Determinants of the Investment Behaviour of Estonian Firms

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  • Jaan Maaso

    () (University of Tartu)

Abstract

Lack of financing is arguably the main obstacle for making profitable investments in transition economies. In this paper we investigate whether there is underinvestment due to financing constraints in Estonian manufacturing firms. Firm level panel data from 1995 through 1998 with several items from financial statements were used. The unique data includes many very small firms with assets less than 1 million USD that are often not explored in empirical studies. The existence of liquidity constraints was tested with estimating regression coefficients of inside - firm financing from reduced form investment regressions and using the investment Euler equation. Results show that internal finance played a bigger role for investments made by small firms and firms owned by domestic (non-foreign) capital. The only exception is that in the Euler equation, cash flow influenced investments more for small than for large foreign firms. The results imply that foreign direct investments and lower corporate income taxes can promote investments through the relaxation of liquidity constraints.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaan Maaso, 2002. "Financing Constrains as Determinants of the Investment Behaviour of Estonian Firms," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 3(1), pages 8-30, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bic:journl:v:3:y:2002:i:1:p:8-30
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    Keywords

    Financing constraints; Investment; Cash flow; Estonia;

    JEL classification:

    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity

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