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Calibration as Testing: Inference in Simulated Macroeconomic Models

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  • Gregory, Allan W
  • Smith, Gregor W

Abstract

A stochastic macroeconomic model with no free parameters can be tested by comparing its features, such as moments, with those of data. Repeated simulation allows exact tests and gives the distribution of the sample moment under the null hypothesis that the model is true. The authors calculate the size of tests of the model studied by R. Mehra and E. C. Prescott. The approximate size of their test (which seeks to match model-generated, mean, risk-free interest rates and equity premia with historical values) is zero, although alternate empirical representations of this model economy or alternate moment-matching tests yield large probabilities of the type I error.

Suggested Citation

  • Gregory, Allan W & Smith, Gregor W, 1991. "Calibration as Testing: Inference in Simulated Macroeconomic Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 9(3), pages 297-303, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bes:jnlbes:v:9:y:1991:i:3:p:297-303
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