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Are Seasonal Patterns Constant over Time? A Test for Seasonal Stability


  • Canova, Fabio
  • Hansen, Bruce E


This paper introduces Lagrange multiplier tests of the null hypothesis of no unit roots at seasonal frequencies against the alternative of a unit root at either a single seasonal frequency or a set of seasonal frequencies. The tests complement those of D. Dickey, D. Hasza, and W. Fuller (1984) and S. Hylleberg, et al. (1990), which examine the null of seasonal unit roots. The authors derive an asymptotic distribution theory for the tests and investigate their size and power with a Monte Carlo exercise. Application of three sets of seasonal variables shows that, in most cases, seasonality is nonstationary.

Suggested Citation

  • Canova, Fabio & Hansen, Bruce E, 1995. "Are Seasonal Patterns Constant over Time? A Test for Seasonal Stability," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 13(3), pages 237-252, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:bes:jnlbes:v:13:y:1995:i:3:p:237-52

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Burridge, Peter & Wallis, Kenneth F, 1984. "Unobserved-Components Models for Seasonal Adjustment Filters," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 2(4), pages 350-359, October.
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    13. Neil R. Ericsson & David F. Hendry & Hong-Anh Tran, 1993. "Cointegration, seasonality, encompassing, and the demand for money in the United Kingdom," International Finance Discussion Papers 457, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    14. Johansen, Soren, 1991. "Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(6), pages 1551-1580, November.
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    17. Ghysels, E. & Lieberman, O., 1993. "Dynamic Regression and Filtered Data Series: A Laplace Approximation to the Effects of Filtering in Small Samples," Cahiers de recherche 9335, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
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