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Financial Reforms and Financial Instability

Author

Listed:
  • Pablo Gluzmann

    (CONICET, CEDLAS - UNLP)

  • Martín Guzman

    (Brown University, UNLP)

Abstract

In this paper we analyze empirically the relationship between different financial reforms and financial instability. We also analyze the relationship between financial liberalization and financial instability, where financial liberalization is measure as an aggregate of different financial reforms. Using data from Laeven and Valencia (2008) on banking crises and from Abiad et al. (2010) on financial reforms, we find a positive relationship between financial liberalization and frequency of banking crises. This relationship remains robust to different specifications of the regression model. Furthermore, we find that the effects of financial liberalization on financial instability are different in the short-run and in the long-run. The increase in financial instability that comes after financial reforms is mainly concentrated in the window of five years after the reforms. If a banking crisis does not occur during those five years, the probability of having a banking crisis later on becomes negligible. Finally, we find that the contribution of every reform to financial instability differs. While every reform increases the probability of a banking crisis, the effect is higher for stock market reforms and for the removal of barriers to entry to the banking system.

Suggested Citation

  • Pablo Gluzmann & Martín Guzman, 2011. "Financial Reforms and Financial Instability," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(61-62), pages 35-73, January -.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcr:ensayo:v:1:y:2011:i:61-62:p:35-73
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    banking crises; financial liberalization; financial reforms;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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