IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Protoeconomy or Economy


  • Kamen Mirkovich


Pursuant to the reproduction theory and the set theory the concept was elaborated, that throughout the historical evolution of mankind five basic forms of society (called by the author - forms of the sustaining sphere) have emerged consecutively: consumptionarity, protoeconomy, economy, market economy and financial market economy. They are integrated in each other in such a way, that each subsequent historical form creates and complements a new phase of reproduction, including the previously emerged ones. Thus the historical evolution is projected in the logic of each current form of society. Consequently a new periodization of the material life in human evolution was proposed, set up of five stages: non-protoeconomic consumptionarity, non-economic protoeconomy, non-market economy, non-financial market economy and financial market economy. Protoeconomy and economy are not identical notions, as protoeconomy is a wider concept than economy, which is just a special case thereof.

Suggested Citation

  • Kamen Mirkovich, 2010. "Protoeconomy or Economy," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 7, pages 3-23.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econth:y:2010:i:7:p:3-23

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Fee access

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Denzau, Arthur T & North, Douglass C, 1994. "Shared Mental Models: Ideologies and Institutions," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 3-31.
    2. Twight, Charlotte, 1993. "Channeling Ideological Change: The Political Economy of Dependence on Government," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(4), pages 497-527.
    3. Tamara Todorova, 2007. "The Coase Theorem Revisited: Implications for Economic Transition," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 35(2), pages 189-201, June.
    4. Greif, Avner, 1994. "Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(5), pages 912-950, October.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • A10 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:bas:econth:y:2010:i:7:p:3-23. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Diana Dimitrova). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.