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Patent Activity and R & D in Bulgaria

Author

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  • Rumiana Georgieva

Abstract

The input-output interrelation between the scientific, technological and innovation system in Bulgaria is studied here, based on the indicators: staff and expenses for R&D and patents issued for inventions. By means of a general and a differentiated institutional analysis, the key issues in view of patent effectiveness of the Bulgarian R&D and innovations are outlined in this article, both for the country in general and especially for R&D institutions. A comparative analysis is made in terms of indicators between Bulgaria and some EU countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Rumiana Georgieva, 2009. "Patent Activity and R & D in Bulgaria," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 5, pages 26-53.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econth:y:2009:i:5:p:26-53
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ying Wu, 2005. "Determining a Modified Currency Board's Two-Period Exchange Rate Strategy," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 11(4), pages 347-357, November.
    2. Augusto de la Torre & Eduardo Levy Yeyati & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2003. "Living and Dying with Hard Pegs: The Rise and Fall of Argentina’s Currency Board," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Spring 20), pages 43-108, January.
    3. repec:kap:iaecre:v:11:y:2005:i:4:p:347-357 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:cto:journl:v:20:y:2000:i:1:p:49-59 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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