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Are We Innovative?


  • Krassimir Kerchev


According to the General Innovation Index, the not large European countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, Netherlands, Finland, Switzerland and Sweden) are among the leaders of innovativeness of the national economy. For the Europe scale, by number of population, area, representation in EU and other indicators, Bulgaria is in the same group, but it is considerably behind on degree of innovativeness. The article compares the innovativeness of Bulgaria with the not large European countries and the average EU level by dynamics and difference in the innovation activity. It classifies and groups the countries by the General Innovation Index. For showing the state and place of Bulgaria, EU and the not large European countries, the studies includes also USA and Japan.

Suggested Citation

  • Krassimir Kerchev, 2012. "Are We Innovative?," Economic Studies journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 2, pages 36-44.
  • Handle: RePEc:bas:econst:y:2012:i:2:p:36-44

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    JEL classification:

    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D


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