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Real Estate Sale: The Predominance of Economic Substance over Legal Form in Some Jurisdictions is Problematic

Author

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  • Mislavskaya N. A.

    (Doctor of Economic Sciences (Advanced Doctor), Professor, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia)

  • Polenova S. N.

    (Doctor of Economic Sciences (Advanced Doctor), Professor, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia)

  • Sotnikova L. V.

    (Doctor of Economic Sciences (Advanced Doctor), Professor, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow,Russia)

Abstract

In recent years, when selling real estate objects, Russian organizations use the account “goods shipped†recommended by the national regulator for use in this case, the balance of which in the balance sheet relates to current assets. In connection with the amendments to the Tax code of the Russian Federation, the use of this account is doubtful, as it is necessary to apply the requirement of priority of the economic nature of transactions over their legal form. In practice, most Russian companies are serious about compliance with the requirements of the regulator, as a result of which, actually sold real estate is reflected in the same section of the balance sheet, which reflects the fixed assets only intended for sale. The authors studied the annual financial statements of many major Russian companies, including the provisions of their accounting policies, and the order of reflection in the financial statements of real estate, state registration of a new owner, which occurred in the next reporting period. The study showed that most organizations do not disclose their accounting policies on this issue, which indicates that they follow the recommendations of the regulator, in the minority there are organizations that make the appropriate disclosure of accounting policies, but the position of accounting policies coincides with the opinion of the regulator. In the article the authors suggest ways to solve the situation.

Suggested Citation

  • Mislavskaya N. A. & Polenova S. N. & Sotnikova L. V., 2018. "Real Estate Sale: The Predominance of Economic Substance over Legal Form in Some Jurisdictions is Problematic," The Journal of Social Sciences Research, Academic Research Publishing Group, pages 1101-1109:5.
  • Handle: RePEc:arp:tjssrr:2018:p:1101-1109
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    References listed on IDEAS

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