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Crescimento do Emprego Industrial no Brasil e Geografia Econômica: Evidências para o Período Pós-Real

Author

Listed:
  • Magno Vamberto Batista da Silva

    (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco)

  • Raul da Mota Silveira Neto

    (Universidade Federal de Pernambuco)

Abstract

Este trabalho trata dos determinantes da localização industrial, estimando os efeitos das economias externas sobre o crescimento do emprego da indústria de transformação para os estados do Brasil no período de 1994 a 2002. Tais efeitos são apreendidos por meio das medidas de aglomeração dentro da mesma indústria – especialização – e aglomeração entre indústrias diferentes – diversidade – que refletem efeitos do transbordamento do conhecimento, e das variáveis custos de transporte e conexões de mercado para trás e para frente associadas à Nova Geografia Econômica. A idéia principal é que as firmas se beneficiam da proximidade e concentração de indústrias fornecedoras e compradoras nos seus mercados e da presença de outras empresas na mesma indústria ou em indústrias diferentes localizadas próximas umas as outras. O trabalho usa regressão cross-section e foca sobre as externalidades dinâmicas. Os principais resultados apontam para uma associação positiva entre o crescimento do emprego e os linkages de mercado e a diversidade industrial, mas não para o papel da especialização. Parece, assim, haver consistência com os modelos da Nova Geografia Econômica, com as teorias de Jacobs e parte das predições de Porter, mas não com as teorias MAR (Marshall, Arrow e Romer).

Suggested Citation

  • Magno Vamberto Batista da Silva & Raul da Mota Silveira Neto, 2007. "Crescimento do Emprego Industrial no Brasil e Geografia Econômica: Evidências para o Período Pós-Real," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 8(2), pages 269-288.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:8:y:2007:i:2:p:269-288
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Localização Industrial; Transbordamento do Conhecimento; Conexões para Trás e para Frente; Externalidades Pecuniárias e Dinâmicas; Nova Geografia Econômica;

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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