IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Padrões de Esforço Tecnológico da Indústria Brasileira: Uma Análise Setorial a Partir de Técnicas Multivariadas

  • Eduardo Gonçalves


  • Rodrigo Simões


The aim of this paper is to apply principal components and cluster analysis on a set of technological effort indicators calculated using the Brazilian Innovation Survey (PINTEC). Such indicators are employed in order to consider innovative effort in the broadest possible way. Thus, these indicators take into account as the R&D expenditures and graduated staff in R&D as acquisition of external technology and knowledge. The results highlight a clear contrast between two groups of sectors. The first are called “suppliers dominated” whereas the second is composed by sectors in which the innovative effort with R&D is relevant. Some peculiarities of the technical change in Brazil are emphasized to the extent that those sectors with the greatest technological opportunities present a very limited R&D-based innovative effort. This empirical evidence is explained by the nature of the technological absorption process in developing countries, which is characterized as passive and dependent on international means of technology transfer. Furthermore, sectors with the majority of the innovative expenditures in Brazil are “scale intensive”, have significant productive performance and were supported by industrial policies in the 1960’s and 1970’s.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Article provided by ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pósgraduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics] in its journal Economia.

Volume (Year): 6 (2005)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 391-433

in new window

Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:6:y:2005:i:2:p:391-433
Contact details of provider: Postal: Secretaria da ANPEC Rua Tiradentes, 17 - Ingá Niterói, RJ 24210-510 Brazil
Phone: 55-11-3091-6073
Fax: 55-11-3091-6073
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

Order Information: Postal: Secretaria da ANPEC Rua Tiradentes, 17 - Ingá Niterói, RJ 24210-510 Brazil
Web: Email:

No references listed on IDEAS
You can help add them by filling out this form.

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:6:y:2005:i:2:p:391-433. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Hugo E. A. da Gama Cerqueira)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.