IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

A cadeia têxtil/confecções perante os desafios da Alca e do acordo comercial com a União Européia


  • Victor Prochnik



The article discusses the opportunities and risks that are facing the textile/garment manufacturing productive chain (TGC), bearing in mind the prospects of creating free trade areas in the Americas (Alca) and with the European Union (EU). The article looks at both the external trends and the internal prospects for Brazil. As for the former, the article shows that inequalities in the international trade of the TGC are manifold and have been prejudicial to the country. The article also shows that the Brazilian TGC is very competitive when it comes to cotton cultivation, and cotton spinning and weaving. In the two latter sectors, the leadership of the chain is in the hands of a small group of large, internationally competitive companies. In the TGC, however, there are two serious problems: a large number of inefficient companies and a less competitive sub-chain, that of synthetic and artificial fiber-based products. There is, therefore, an economic policy dilemma. The exporting companies need Alca and the EU accord to remain competitive. But these agreements may prove detrimental to a significant part of the TGC, which is less competitive.

Suggested Citation

  • Victor Prochnik, 2003. "A cadeia têxtil/confecções perante os desafios da Alca e do acordo comercial com a União Européia," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 4(1), pages 53-83, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:4:y:2003:i:1:p:53-83

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    ALCA; free trade area; textile industry; garment manufacture; competitiviness;

    JEL classification:

    • L67 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather Goods; Household Goods; Sports Equipment
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:4:y:2003:i:1:p:53-83. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rodrigo Zadra Armond). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.