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Pobreza no Brasil. O que há de novo no limiar do século XXI?


  • Sonia Rocha


The persistence of absolute poverty in Brazil is associated with high levels of income inequality. For this article, this association is the departing point for presenting a schematic evolution of poverty in Brazil in the last three decades: a sharp decline in the seventies as income grew at high rates; fluctuations of poverty incidence following the short-term economic trends in the eighties and early nineties; finally the reduction after the 1994 Real Plan, which brought poverty incidence to a level where it has stabilized in the 1995/1999 period. This stability of poverty incidence for the country as a whole encompasses quite different local situations, for instance, deterioration in metropolises, specially São Paulo. Metropolitan labor market indicators for the last five years show a sharp decline of the number of jobs for the least qualified workers, which has the effect of adversely affecting poverty and inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Sonia Rocha, 2001. "Pobreza no Brasil. O que há de novo no limiar do século XXI?," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 2(1), pages 73-106, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:2:y:2001:i:1:p:73-106

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    More about this item


    poverty; income; inequality; employment;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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