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A Hipótese de Kuznets para os Municípios Brasileiros: Testes para as Formas Funcionais e Estimações Não-Paramétricas


  • Erik Alencar de Figueiredo

    (Universidade Federal da Paraíba (UFPB) e Pesquisador do CNPq)

  • Julio César Araújo da Silva Junior

    (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Bolsista CNPq)


The main aim of this paper was to analyse the existence of Kuznets hypothesis for the Brazilian Municipalities from 1991 to 2000. The empirical strategy was based on three steps. The first one consists in testing the quantile specification proposed by Racine (2006). The second was to use the non-parametrical estimation B-splines according to Koenker et alii (1994). Finally, the third step was to test Fan et alii (2001) Likelihood ratio. The results show that the quantile linear specification is inconsistent. The non parametrical estimation confirms the Kuznets hypothesis. The Likelihood ratio proves the goodness to fit of the non parametrical estimations comparing to the linear ones.

Suggested Citation

  • Erik Alencar de Figueiredo & Julio César Araújo da Silva Junior, 2011. "A Hipótese de Kuznets para os Municípios Brasileiros: Testes para as Formas Funcionais e Estimações Não-Paramétricas," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 12(1), pages 149-165.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:12:y:2011:i:1:149_165

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    More about this item


    Hipótese de Kuznets; Municípios Brasileiros; Testes para Especificação; B-Splines; Razão de Verossimilhança;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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