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Constraints and Incentives for Agricultural Biotechnology in Brazil


  • Izaías de C. Borges

    (Faculty of PUCCAMP, Pontifícia University of Campinas NEA – Center of Agriculture and Environment Research, Institute of Economics (Unicamp, Brasil Agriculture and Environment Research, Institute of Economics (Unicamp), Brasil)

  • José Maria F. J. da Silveira

    (Institute of Economics (Unicamp), NEA – Center of Agriculture and Environment Research, Institute of Economics (Unicamp), Brasil)

  • Andrea Leda R. O. Ojima

    (Institute of Economics (Unicamp), Researcher of IEA, Institute of Agricultural Economics, Brasil)


The aim of this paper is to discuss the co-evolution between agricultural biotechnology and biosafety process, with a special focus on Brazilian case. This rapid diffusion process has occurred in parallel with a high transaction cost process of regulation, combining local, territorial, national and supranational evolution of rules and norms involving public sector, private representatives and other stakeholders. So Forth, Brazilian case is one of the most interesting biotechnology regulation process in the world, once the country is simultaneously looking forward to the promotion of agribusiness competitiveness, preserve biodiversity and avoid bio-piracy. In order to treat this complex framework, the first methodological step is to create a typology of stakeholders based on their position in the regulation process. Once a typology is defined, the second step is to identify the critical factors explaining their behavior. The multicriteria analysis is used to characterize the processes associated to the evolution of agricultural biotechnology and to the improvement of biosafety assessment methods. Finally, is the aim of the paper to define the friction and convergence zones between those groups, using clustering procedures.

Suggested Citation

  • Izaías de C. Borges & José Maria F. J. da Silveira & Andrea Leda R. O. Ojima, 2009. "Constraints and Incentives for Agricultural Biotechnology in Brazil," Economia, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics], vol. 10(4), pages 741-763.
  • Handle: RePEc:anp:econom:v:10:y:2009:i:4:741_763

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    Biosafety; Agricultural Biotechnology; Multicriteria Analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services


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