Peace And Security: Provision And Financing Mechanisms As A Global Public Goods
Global public goods achieved prominence with the United Nations Development Programmeâ€™s publication in 1999. Global public goods are public goods with benefits or costs (crime, terrorism and disease) that extend across countries and regions, across rich and poor population groups, an even across generations. Peace and security is itself conceived of as a global public good and the activities to support peace and security are defined as contributing to this good. During the 20th century wars, 110 million deaths and the costs of to the international community are including refugee costs, direct economic and alternative costs, military costs, instability costs, and of international peace operations. At the local and national level the provision of public goods is typically organized by the state, with authority to tax, regulate and even coerce to ensure such provision. At the global level there is no institution (there is no â€œworld governmentâ€) with equivalent powers. Adequate provision of global public goods and global peace and security depends on adequate provision of effective international cooperation (international cooperation may be a small part of the total effortâ€”but it is often crucial), international taxation and development aid activities. Development and the provision of global public goods are joint processes. ODA is also policies available to adress global public goods and global peace and security financing and provision.
Volume (Year): 10 (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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