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Industrialization by "light" import substitution in Argentina: characterization of industrial establishments (1930-1955)


  • Carlos Matías Hisgen

    (Universidad Nacional del Nordeste)

  • Diego Álvarez

    (Universidad Nacional del Nordeste)


This paper uses a sample of data at the firm level, provided by Fundación Observatorio PyME, to determine the association between the export status of Argentine industrial SMEs and the dynamics of employment in them during the period 2004-2014. The results indicate that the export status of these SMEs is positively related to the rate of employment variation. In other words, in the period considered, employment grew more or decreased less in SMEs that were exporters than in those that were not. However, this relationship is heterogeneous in time and space, varying between subperiods, as well as between regions.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Matías Hisgen & Diego Álvarez, 2020. "Industrialization by "light" import substitution in Argentina: characterization of industrial establishments (1930-1955)," Revista de Economía Política de Buenos Aires, Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas., issue 21, pages 103-125, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ake:repba1:y:2021:i:20:p:103-125

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    More about this item


    Argentina; employment; export status;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • N76 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Latin America; Caribbean


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