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The Future of ‘Real-Existing’ Democracy


  • Philippe C. Schmitter

    () (European University Institute)


Philippe C. Schmitter’s concept of ‘Real-Existing’ Democracy can serve as a useful analytical tool for political scientists. The future of such democracies however holds many uncertainties. Society and Economy has asked some leading Hungarian scholars to comment on the idea, based on a lecture delivered by Professor Schmitter at the Institute of Political Sciences of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in February 2011. In the following, we reproduce the lecture, followed by comments from György Csepeli and István Murányi, Vera Gáthy, Elemér Hankiss, Jody Jensen, Ferenc Miszlivetz and Tibor Palánkai.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe C. Schmitter, 2011. "The Future of ‘Real-Existing’ Democracy," Society and Economy, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 33(2), pages 399-428, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:aka:soceco:v:33:y:2011:i:2:p:399-428

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    democracy; future of democracy;


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