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The Future of ‘Real-Existing’ Democracy

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  • Philippe C. Schmitter

    () (European University Institute)

Abstract

Philippe C. Schmitter’s concept of ‘Real-Existing’ Democracy can serve as a useful analytical tool for political scientists. The future of such democracies however holds many uncertainties. Society and Economy has asked some leading Hungarian scholars to comment on the idea, based on a lecture delivered by Professor Schmitter at the Institute of Political Sciences of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences in February 2011. In the following, we reproduce the lecture, followed by comments from György Csepeli and István Murányi, Vera Gáthy, Elemér Hankiss, Jody Jensen, Ferenc Miszlivetz and Tibor Palánkai.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe C. Schmitter, 2011. "The Future of ‘Real-Existing’ Democracy," Society and Economy, Akadémiai Kiadó, Hungary, vol. 33(2), pages 399-428, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:aka:soceco:v:33:y:2011:i:2:p:399-428
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-838, May.
    2. Light, Audrey, 2001. "In-School Work Experience and the Returns to Schooling," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(1), pages 65-93, January.
    3. Bedi, Arjun S. & Gaston, Noel, 1999. "Using variation in schooling availability to estimate educational returns for Honduras," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 107-116, February.
    4. Brunello, Giorgio & Miniaci, Raffaele, 1999. "The economic returns to schooling for Italian men. An evaluation based on instrumental variables1," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 509-519, November.
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    Keywords

    democracy; future of democracy;

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