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La talla de los europeos, 1700-2000: ciclos, crecimiento y desigualdad

Author

Listed:
  • José Miguel Martínez-Carrión

    (Universitat de Barcelona)

Abstract

Este artículo explora los cambios seculares producidos en el bienestar biológico de los europeos y las relaciones que se establecen entre el crecimiento económico y el desarrollo humano. Con datos de talla masculina del reclutamiento militar y distintas encuestas nacionales sobre la salud y Paneles de la Comunidad Europea, reconstruye la tendencia de las estaturas en los tres últimos siglos. Los resultados muestran, de un lado, el fuerte crecimiento de la estatura de las poblaciones europeas desde mediados del siglo xix , tras un periodo de deterioro con desigual intensidad entre 1750 y 1850, y de otro, la persistencia de disparidades territoriales de las estaturas desde el siglo xviii . Demuestra que la desigualdad observada en el largo plazo estuvo asociada principalmente a factores ambientales y socioeconómicos. Concluye que el fabuloso incremento de la estatura fue una auténtica revolución fisiológica vinculada a los procesos de crecimiento económico, la industrialización y la urbanización, pero sobre todo a las mejoras de la nutrición, la renta, la salud pública y la educación. KEY Classification-JEL: I14. I15. N01. N3

Suggested Citation

  • José Miguel Martínez-Carrión, 2012. "La talla de los europeos, 1700-2000: ciclos, crecimiento y desigualdad," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 8(03), pages 176-187.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:08:y:2012:i:03:p:176-187
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    Cited by:

    1. Ramon Ramon-Muñoz & Josep-Maria Ramon-Muñoz, 2015. "Height and Industrialisation in a City in Catalonia during the Nineteenth Century," UB Economics Working Papers 2015/334, Universitat de Barcelona, Facultat d'Economia i Empresa, UB Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Estatura. Crecimiento humano. Bienestar biológico. Desigualdad. Nutrición. Salud pública. Europa.;

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • N01 - Economic History - - General - - - Development of the Discipline: Historiographical; Sources and Methods
    • N3 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy

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