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El Estado y la industria del calzado en Francia en el siglo XX. La definición de una escala territorial para la coordinación entre los poderes públicos y las empresas

Author

Listed:
  • Florent Le Bot

    (CNRS, IDHE-ENS, Cachan, Francia)

  • Cédric Perrin.

    (IDHE-Université Paris Ouest Nanterre, Nanterre, Francia)

Abstract

El tema de los distritos industriales surgió en las ciencias sociales en los años setenta, cuando la crisis económica hizo dudar del modelo de organización fordista. Los poderes públicos franceses buscaron entonces una alternativa en las PYME y los distritos industriales. Vista en el largo plazo, esta actuación pública se inscribe dentro del papel económico y social movilizador adoptado por el Estado francés durante el siglo xx . Este artículo analiza las vías seguidas por las políticas públicas para optimizar la movilización de los recursos. El problema planteado se sitúa en la encrucijada de la historia económica y la sociología de la acción pública. El enfoque se ha realizado a través del ejemplo de la industria del calzado, que ha conocido dos tipos de configuración: concentración geográfica de PYME y concentración económica en grupos industriales. El trabajo pone de manifiesto que el Estado, en su búsqueda de apoyos para garantizar su control sobre la economía, se ha visto obligado a tener en cuenta las reconfiguraciones del sistema productivo, sin conseguirlo siempre. KEY Classification-JEL: N4. N44. N6. N64.

Suggested Citation

  • Florent Le Bot & Cédric Perrin., 2012. "El Estado y la industria del calzado en Francia en el siglo XX. La definición de una escala territorial para la coordinación entre los poderes públicos y las empresas," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 8(01), pages 15-28.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:08:y:2012:i:01:p:15-28
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Becker, Gary S, 1988. "Family Economics and Macro Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(1), pages 1-13, March.
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    3. Solon, Gary, 1999. "Intergenerational mobility in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 29, pages 1761-1800 Elsevier.
    4. Clark, Gregory & Hamilton, Gillian, 2006. "Survival of the Richest: The Malthusian Mechanism in Pre-Industrial England," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 66(03), pages 707-736, September.
    5. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," NBER Chapters,in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 257-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. E.A. Wasson, 1998. "The Penetration of New Wealth into the English Governing Class from the Middle Ages to the First World War," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 51(1), pages 25-48, February.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • N4 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation
    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N6 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction
    • N64 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: 1913-

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