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Geografía de la cera en España y Francia, 1750-1850


  • Guy Lemeunier

    (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris)


The aim of traditional beekeeping was to produce wax, an expensive raw material used at church ceremonies and for the lighting of upper-class houses. Between 1750 and 1850, the Atlantic Landes and the Mediterranean mountains of France and Spain were unable to satisfy a growing demand, and both countries had to import wax from Northern Europe and the Middle East. Thus a commercial axis of short, middle and long distance connected the producing areas to the centres of wax whitening, candle making and distribution, such as was the case of the French town of Limoges. KEY Classification-JEL: N53

Suggested Citation

  • Guy Lemeunier, 2011. "Geografía de la cera en España y Francia, 1750-1850," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 7(02), pages 259-269.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:07:y:2011:i:02:p:259-269

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Becker, Gary S, 1988. "Family Economics and Macro Behavior," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(1), pages 1-13, March.
    2. Samuel Bowles & Herbert Gintis, 2002. "The Inheritance of Inequality," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 3-30, Summer.
    3. Solon, Gary, 1999. "Intergenerational mobility in the labor market," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 29, pages 1761-1800 Elsevier.
    4. Clark, Gregory & Hamilton, Gillian, 2006. "Survival of the Richest: The Malthusian Mechanism in Pre-Industrial England," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 66(03), pages 707-736, September.
    5. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," NBER Chapters,in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 257-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. E.A. Wasson, 1998. "The Penetration of New Wealth into the English Governing Class from the Middle Ages to the First World War," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 51(1), pages 25-48, February.
    7. Clark, Gregory, 2008. "In defense of the Malthusian interpretation of history," European Review of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(02), pages 175-199, August.
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    More about this item


    History; Wax; France; Spain;

    JEL classification:

    • N53 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: Pre-1913


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