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Una aproximación a la intensidad industrial vasca: la industria guipuzcoana en 1860


  • Ignacio María Carrión Arregui

    () (Universidad del País Vasco)


The main aim of this article is to show the degree of industrialization of the Basque Country, and especially of Gipuzkoa, in 1860, comparing it with the remainder of Spain. The industrial structure, its location and the weight of different sectors are shown analysing the taxes of the workshops and factories in 1860 and comparing it with the structure of industry of Spain deduced of the industrial contribution in 1856. A dispersed industry dominates Gipuzkoa and many of its main centres are situated in the inland. The weight of the modern sectors developed from 1841 is also highlighted, with an estimated quota of up to 51% of all the manufacturing establishments. It is suggested that the Basque industry of that time has been undervalued and that the industrial intensity of the Basque Country was two and a half times the average of Spain in 1860. KEY Classification-JEL: H71, N13, O14, O30

Suggested Citation

  • Ignacio María Carrión Arregui, 2010. "Una aproximación a la intensidad industrial vasca: la industria guipuzcoana en 1860," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 6(01), pages 73-100.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:06:y:2010:i:01:p:73-100

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    More about this item


    Industry; Gipuzkoa; Basque Country; Modern Spain;

    JEL classification:

    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General


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