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Eibar y la industria armera: evidencias de un distrito industrial


  • Igor Goñi Mendizábal

    () (Universidad del País Vasco)


The Basque Gunmaking industry experienced its most important growth during the last decades of the 19th century and fi rst years of the 20th. This growth was due to the increasing exports of revolvers and pistols which made up almost 90 per cent of total sales. This industry was concentrated around the town of Eibar which, together with other villages of Guipuzcoa and Biscay, constituted the “Gunmaking Zone”. The international competitiveness achieved by this industry was mainly a consequence of the flexibility and adaptability given by its Marshallian industrial district structure since Eibar fulfilled most of the characteristics cited by specialized literature, e.g., specialization, in this case in fi rearms, a relatively homogeneous product; predominance of SME in its production structure and subcontracting relationships among them; existence of internal rules and institutions that protect them; and, due to cooperation between companies, creation of institutions to improve the development of the district’s characteristic industry. KEY Classification-JEL: N63, N64

Suggested Citation

  • Igor Goñi Mendizábal, 2010. "Eibar y la industria armera: evidencias de un distrito industrial," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 6(01), pages 101-133.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:06:y:2010:i:01:p:101-133

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    More about this item


    Guns; Gunmaking industry; Industrial District; Basque Country;

    JEL classification:

    • N63 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N64 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: 1913-


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