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Política demográfica, crecimiento económico y formación del mercado laboral en el Perú del siglo veinte

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  • Carlos Contreras

    () (Departamento de Economía de la PUCP)

Abstract

This article presents the local determinants of the politics of population and of the demographic evolution from Peru along the twentieth century. For it exposes the process of formation of the labor market, in the context of a country in which to nineteenth-century ends three quarters of the population lived immersed in an auto subsistence regimen, and whose commercial sector consisted of primary economies of export disseminated by the territory of the republic. Inside the Latin- American world, Peru was characterized, first, by its high birth rates and by having a well latest start of its demographic transition, and second, by the rapid decrease of its birth rate. This work tries to explain so much the origins as the economic consequences of this path. KEY Classification-JEL: J20

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Contreras, 2009. "Política demográfica, crecimiento económico y formación del mercado laboral en el Perú del siglo veinte," Investigaciones de Historia Económica (IHE) Journal of the Spanish Economic History Association, Asociacion Espa–ola de Historia Economica, vol. 5(01), pages 11-41.
  • Handle: RePEc:ahe:invest:v:05:y:2009:i:01:p:11-41
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    Keywords

    Population; Economic Conditions; Labour Market; Peru; 20th Century;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General

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