IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Bioenergy trade, a theoretical analysis


  • Bourgeon, Jean-Marc
  • Ollivier, Helene


Though the potential of bioenergy in the mitigation of greenhouse gases (GHG) coming from fossil energies is strongly debated, several developed countries such as the United States, the European Union and Japan have for several years already outlined ambitious objectives of incorporating bioenergy into their energy package in order to reduce their GHG emissions, notably in the field of transportation. Bioenergies are presented as an alternative to fossil fuels that is both renewable and relatively clean. The policies implemented give rise to little in the way of imports and yet, for biofuels to reach a 10% share of fuel consumption in transports, the United States, Canada and the EU would need to use 30%, 36% and 72% of their farm lands respectively (Von Lampe, 2006). A very simplified theoretical model of the world economy shows that opening up Bioenergy to trade would result in an increase in GHG emissions if Southern countries have a comparative advantage in the industrial sector, or conversely, a reduction thanks to bioenergy imports if Northern countries have the best performing industrial sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Bourgeon, Jean-Marc & Ollivier, Helene, 2013. "Bioenergy trade, a theoretical analysis," INRAE Sciences Sociales, Institut national de recherche pour l'agriculture, l'alimentation et l'environnement (INRAE), Departement Sciences Sociales, Agriculture et Alimentation, Espace et Environnement (SAE2), vol. 2013, pages 1-5, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:inrass:196915
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.196915

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ags:inrass:196915. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (AgEcon Search). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.