Az agrÃ¡rfoglalkoztatottsÃ¡g helyzetÃ©nek vizsgÃ¡lata GyÅ‘r-Moson-Sopron megyÃ©ben
A vizsgÃ¡lt kÃ©t szÃ¶vetkezetnÃ©l Ã©s egy Zrt.-nÃ©l a fÃ¶ldterÃ¼letek nagyarÃ¡nyÃº csÃ¶kkenÃ©sÃ©t munkaerÅ‘-lÃ©tszÃ¡mcsÃ¶kkenÃ©s kÃsÃ©rte. A pÃ¡lyÃ¡t elhagyni kÃ©nyszerÃ¼ltek jelentÅ‘s, mintegy 30 szÃ¡zalÃ©ka tartÃ³san munkanÃ©lkÃ¼livÃ© vÃ¡lt, a tÃ¶bbiek pedig mÃ¡s szektorokban (ipari, szolgÃ¡ltatÃ³i) helyezkedtek el. A vezetÅ‘k, illetve a dolgozÃ³k kÃ¶rÃ©ben vÃ©gzett kÃ©rdÅ‘Ãves Ã©s mÃ©lyinterjÃºs felmÃ©rÃ©seink szerint a korÃ¶sszetÃ©tel kedvezÅ‘tlen kÃ©pet mutat: a dolgozÃ³i kollektÃva napjainkra tÃºlsÃ¡gosan elÃ¶regedett. A jÃ¶vedelemviszonyokat figyelembe vÃ©ve a gazdasÃ¡gok egyre kevÃ©sbÃ© vonzÃ³ak a fiatal agrÃ¡rÃ©rtelmisÃ©giek szÃ¡mÃ¡ra. A fiatalabb munkavÃ¡llalÃ³k szinte kivÃ©tel nÃ©lkÃ¼l keveselltÃ©k a bÃ©rÃ¼ket. Az iskolÃ¡zottsÃ¡got vizsgÃ¡lva elmondhatÃ³, hogy a fÃ©rfiak kÃ¶rÃ©ben alacsonyabb, a nÅ‘knÃ©l tÃ¶bb a magasabb vÃ©gzettsÃ©ggel (Ã©rettsÃ©gi, felsÅ‘fokÃº) rendelkezÅ‘k arÃ¡nya. A megkÃ©rdezett dolgozÃ³k elÃ©gedettek a munkakÃ¶rÃ¼lmÃ©nyeikkel, szeretnek az Ã¼zemekben dolgozni, Ã©s hosszÃº tÃ¡von sem kÃvÃ¡nnak munkahelyet vÃ¡ltani. --------------------------------------------------------------- Transformation of the two co-operatives studied and conversion of a co-operative into a company limited by shares was accompanied by a great reduction in land size as well as in staff size. A significant portion (approximately 30%) of the people who were forced to leave their jobs became permanently unemployed, while others found work in other sectors (industry, services). Our questionnaire and interview-based survey of the senior staff and employees outlined an unfavourable composition in terms of age: staff are in general rather aged. Due to income considerations, farms are less and less attractive for young agricultural white-collar workers. Nearly all young employees said they were paid too little. As for qualifications, it was found that the ratio of individuals with higher qualification (secondary school-leaving diploma, tertiary degree) was lower for en and higher for women. The employees we asked were satisfied with their work conditions, liked working in the plants and were not planning to find another job on the long term.
Volume (Year): 54 (2010)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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