Vegetable forcing program in Hungary, and its employment aspects
Hungary is one of the countries best suited for agriculture in Europe and throughout the world. Over the last decades, however, the emphasis on putting such natural endowments to the benefit of the nation and of rural communities has dwindled. Most of the opportunities lost concern vegetable and fruit growing, as well as animal husbandry. This also means that these are the fields where we have the greatest reserves. No country may reach the level of prosperity to which it destined without using its natural and human resources in a sustainable manner. Our paper presents the main trends in vegetable growing in the world, the Community and in Hungary, as well as characteristics of the export and import of vegetables in the country. We present development scenarios in the field of vegetable forcing in greenhouse, covering program versions of 1000, 2000 or 3000 ha. We also present the investment and operational features of development scenarios, their budgetary effects, as well as how implementing such scenarios would/could improve employments rates, particularly in underdeveloped micro-regions characterised by high rates of unemployment. We present proposals on how producers could act together in the field of vegetable forcing and marketing. -------------------------------------- MagyarorszÃ¡g EurÃ³pa Ã©s a fÃ¶ldkereksÃ©g egyik legjobb mezÅ‘gazdasÃ¡gi adottsÃ¡gokkal rendelkezÅ‘ orszÃ¡ga. Azonban az utÃ³bbi Ã©vtizedekben ezt az adottsÃ¡got egyre kevÃ©sbÃ© hasznosÃtjuk a nemzet Ã©s a vidÃ©k javÃ¡ra. FÅ‘kÃ©nt a zÃ¶ldsÃ©g-, gyÃ¼mÃ¶lcstermelÃ©sben, valamint az Ã¡llattenyÃ©sztÃ©sben aknÃ¡zzuk ki legkevÃ©sbÃ© a lehetÅ‘sÃ©geinket, kÃ¶vetkezÃ©skÃ©pp: ezeken a terÃ¼leteken vannak a legnagyobb tartaÂ¬lÃ©kaink. MÃ¡rpedig egy orszÃ¡g sem Ã©rheti el a jÃ³lÃ©tnek azt a szintjÃ©t, amelyre predesztinÃ¡lva van, ha nem aknÃ¡zza ki fenntarthatÃ³ mÃ³don termÃ©szeti Ã©s emberi erÅ‘forrÃ¡sait. TanulmÃ¡nyunkban bemuÂ¬tatjuk a vilÃ¡g Ã©s EU, valamint a hazai zÃ¶ldsÃ©gtermelÃ©s alakulÃ¡sÃ¡t, a hazai zÃ¶ldsÃ©g export-import jelÂ¬lemzÅ‘it. FejlesztÃ©si program szcenÃ¡riÃ³kat mutatunk be a fÃ³liahÃ¡zas zÃ¶ldsÃ©ghajtatÃ¡s terÃ©n 1000, 2000 Ã©s 3000 ha-os programvÃ¡ltozatokban. Bemutatjuk a fejlesztÃ©si program szcenÃ¡riÃ³k beruhÃ¡Â¬zÃ¡si Ã©s mÅ±kÃ¶dtetÃ©si jellemzÅ‘it, hatÃ¡sÃ¡t a kÃ¶ltsÃ©gvetÃ©sre, valamint azt, hogy ezek megvalÃ³sÃtÃ¡sa miÂ¬lyen hatÃ¡ssal lesz/lehet a foglalkoztatÃ¡s nÃ¶velÃ©sÃ©re, kÃ¼lÃ¶nÃ¶sen a nagyarÃ¡nyÃº munkanÃ©lkÃ¼lisÃ©ggel sÃºjtott hÃ¡trÃ¡nyos helyzetÅ± kistÃ©rsÃ©gekben. Javaslatot teszÃ¼nk a termelÅ‘k erÅ‘egyesÃtÃ©sÃ©re a hajtatÃ¡Â¬sos zÃ¶ldsÃ©gtermelÃ©s Ã©s Ã©rtÃ©kesÃtÃ©s terÃ¼letÃ©n.
Volume (Year): 53 (2009)
Issue (Month): 23 ()
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