Az EU-s tÃ¡mogatÃ¡sok Ã©s a tagÃ¡llamok kÃ¶zigazgatÃ¡sÃ¡nak kapcsolata
Az EurÃ³pai UniÃ³ regionÃ¡lis politikÃ¡jÃ¡nak intÃ©zmÃ©nyi hÃ¡ttere jogszabÃ¡lyokban kerÃ¼lt lefektetÃ©sre. Az intÃ©zmÃ©nyrendszer felÃ¡llÃtÃ¡sa Ã©s mÅ±kÃ¶dtetÃ©se az EU-tÃ¡rgyalÃ¡soknak is kiemelt tÃ©mÃ¡ja volt. A megkÃ¶vetelt vÃ©grehajtÃ¡si rendszer minden tagÃ¡llamban â€“ akÃ¡r rÃ©gi, akÃ¡r Ãºjonnan csatlakozott â€“ a meglÃ©vÅ‘ kÃ¶zigazgatÃ¡si rendszerre Ã©pÃ¼lt. Ugyanakkor nem lÃ©nyegtelen, hogy mÃg az Ãºn. rÃ©gi tagÃ¡llamok, Ã©s ezÃ©rt maga az EU-szabÃ¡lyozÃ¡s is mÃ¡r az elmÃºlt 25-35 Ã©vben a â€žNew Public Managementâ€ eszmÃ©jÃ©ben Ã©lt Ã©s fejlÅ‘dÃ¶tt, addig az Ãºjonnan csatlakozÃ³k mÃ©g az ezredfordulÃ³n is inkÃ¡bb egy bÃ¼rokratikus kÃ¶zigazgatÃ¡st mÅ±kÃ¶dtettek, Ã©s kevÃ©sbÃ© volt jelen a szolgÃ¡ltatÃ³i szemlÃ©let, illetve eredmÃ©nyorientÃ¡ciÃ³. Annak ellenÃ©re, hogy az Ãºj tagÃ¡llamok jelentÅ‘s idÅ‘nyomÃ¡sra Ã¡llÃtottÃ¡k fel intÃ©zmÃ©nyrendszerÃ¼ket, Ã©s a kÃ¶zigazgatÃ¡si kultÃºra vÃ¡ltozÃ¡sa is folyamatosan jelen van mÃ©g ma is az uniÃ³s forrÃ¡sok felhasznÃ¡lÃ¡sÃ¡ban (szigorÃºan pÃ©nzÃ¼gyileg nÃ©zve), ez nem okozott hÃ¡trÃ¡nyt. A V4 orszÃ¡gok a forrÃ¡slehÃvÃ¡sok tekintetÃ©ben nem egy rÃ©gi tagÃ¡llamot is megelÅ‘znek. Vagyis az az Ã¡llÃtÃ¡s, hogy nem tudjuk az EU-s forrÃ¡sokat felhasznÃ¡lni, megdÅ‘lni lÃ¡tszik (persze a programok jogi, EU Ã¡ltali zÃ¡rÃ¡sa mÃ©g hÃ¡tra van). ----------------------------------------- The institutional background for the Community regional policy was set forth in legal regulations. Setting up and operating the institutional system was a priority topic at the accession negotiations as well. The required implementation system was built on the existing system of public administration in every country, whether old or new Member State. It needs to be pointed out, however, that while the old Member States â€“ and the Community regulations themselves â€“ have existed and developed in an environment infused with the theory of â€˜New Public Managementâ€™ over the last 25 to 35 years, the new Member States were running a rather bureaucratic public administration system even at the turn of the millennium. The aspects of being a service provider and of focusing on goals were less prominent. Despite the fact that the new Member States were under significant time pressure when setting up their institutional systems, and the culture of public administration is still evolving, utilisation of Community subsidies â€“ from a strictly financial perspective â€“ was not hindered. The V4 countries are ahead of more than one old member state in terms of the proportion of funds called down. There fore the claim that we are unable to utilise the Community funds seems to be overturned (of course the legal closing of the programmes by the Community has not yet been performed).
Volume (Year): 53 (2009)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
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