A terÃ¼lethasznÃ¡lat nÃ©hÃ¡ny vÃ¡ltozÃ¡sa Ã©s kÃ¶vetkezmÃ©nyei a Tisza-tÃ³nÃ¡l
A Tisza-tÃ³ jelentÅ‘s vÃ¡ltozÃ¡sokat idÃ©zett elÅ‘ a tÃ©rsÃ©g Ã©letÃ©ben, mÃ³dosult a telepÃ¼lÃ©sek tÃ©rbeli kiterjedÃ©se. Ez a fajta tÃ©rmÃ³dosulÃ¡s a tanulmÃ¡nyban bemutatott Ã¡brÃ¡kon kivÃ¡lÃ³an vÃ©gigkÃ¶vethetÅ‘. Sarud, AbÃ¡dszalÃ³k Ã©s TiszafÃ¼red esetÃ©ben egyÃ©rtelmÅ±en megÃ¡llapÃthatÃ³, hogy a telepÃ¼lÃ©sek tÃ©rszerkezetÃ©nek eltolÃ³dÃ¡sa a Tisza-tÃ³ partjÃ¡n kÃnÃ¡lkozÃ³ turisztikai lehetÅ‘sÃ©gek hatÃ¡sÃ¡ra kÃ¶vetkezett be. A telepÃ¼lÃ©skÃ©p beÃ©pÃtettsÃ©gÃ©ben, Ãºj telepÃ¼lÃ©srÃ©szek kialakÃtÃ¡sÃ¡ban, a telepÃ¼lÃ©s arculatÃ¡nak mÃ³dosulÃ¡sÃ¡ban szintÃ©n kÃ¶zrejÃ¡tszott a Tisza-tÃ³ lÃ©te. A strandok telepÃ¼lÃ©sformÃ¡lÃ³ hatÃ¡sa is jelentÅ‘s a felÃ©jÃ¼k vezetÅ‘ lineÃ¡ris infrastruktÃºrÃ¡k fejlÅ‘dÃ©sÃ©ben, az Ãºt mentÃ©n lÃ©vÅ‘ telkek Ã¡rainak felÃ©rtÃ©kelÃ©sÃ©ben Ã©s a parton vÃ©gbemenÅ‘ vÃ¡ltozÃ¡sokban (pÃ©ldÃ¡ul AbÃ¡dszalÃ³k). Az elÃ¡rasztÃ¡ssal vÃ¡ltozÃ¡s tÃ¶rtÃ©nt a tÃ¡jhasznÃ¡latban, majd az azt kÃ¶vetÅ‘ Ã©vekben folyamatosan mÃ³dosult a Tisza-tavat Ã¶vezÅ‘ tÃ¡jszerkezet is. A rÃ©giÃ³ban a szÃ¡ntÃ³k arÃ¡nyÃ¡nak dominanciÃ¡ja mellett a cserjÃ©sek Ã©s a legelÅ‘hasznosÃtÃ¡s jellemzÅ‘. JÃ³l lÃ¡thatÃ³ tovÃ¡bbÃ¡ a Tisza-tÃ³ mint termÃ©szeti jelensÃ©g tÃ©rszÃnformÃ¡lÃ³ hatÃ¡sa. A termÃ©szet lassan, de mindig vÃ¡ltozÃ³ tendenciÃ¡jÃ¡t az emberisÃ©g nem hagyhatja figyelmen kÃvÃ¼l. A turisztikai cÃ©lÃº vÃ¡ltoztatÃ¡sok akkor lehetnek kellÅ‘kÃ©ppen eredmÃ©nyesek, ha a termÃ©szet adta folyamatokba minimÃ¡lis mestersÃ©ges beavatkozÃ¡s tÃ¶rtÃ©nik, mert csak az ember Ã©s a termÃ©szet harmonikus egyÃ¼ttmÅ±kÃ¶dÃ©se eredmÃ©nyezhet kedvezÅ‘ vÃ¡ltozÃ¡sokat. ---------------------------------------- The Tisza Lake brought significant changes to the life of the region. It affected the spatial layout of the settlements. This change is clearly apparent in the figures presented in the paper. In the case of Sarud, AbÃ¡dszalÃ³k and TiszafÃ¼red it is obvious that the distortions in the spatial structure of the settlements were induced by the tourism opportunities offered by the beaches on the Tisza Lake. The lake also played a role in changes affecting the build-up density of the settlements, the addition of new parts to the communities and the changes to their appearance. The beaches were also an important factor in the changes: they induced the development of linear infrastructural elements leading towards them, caused the lots along the roads to increase in value, and also induced changes along the waterfront (e.g. in AbÃ¡dszalÃ³k). The creation of the reservoir also affected land use. The region is dominated by ploughlands and is also characterised by shrubland and pastures. Inundation therefore caused a change in land use. In the subsequent years the structure of the landscape around the Tisza Lake underwent a gradual transformation. The effect of the Tisza Lake as a natural element on the landscape is clearly apparent. The slow but inevitable changes in nature cannot be ignored by men. Changes promoting tourism will only be sufficiently successful if we only intervene in the natural processes to the minimum extent possible, as beneficial changes will only come from a harmonious cooperation between nature and humankind.
Volume (Year): 55 (2011)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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