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Los factores determinantes del paso de las explotaciones de la leche a la carne en la Cornisa Cantabrica: analisis empirico para una comarca del interior de Galicia

Listed author(s):
  • Alvarez, Alfonso Ribas
  • Iglesias, Edelmiro Lopez
  • Loureiro, Maria L.

Este trabajo pretende contribuir al estudio de los factores que determinan el paso de las explotaciones de vacuno de leche a vacuno de carne en la Cornisa Cantábrica, examinando para ello la relación de este proceso con las características productivas y familiares de las explotaciones. Además, se contrasta en concreto el papel jugado por la concentración parcelaria, la principal medida de reforma de estructuras agrarias aplicada en la agricultura de estas regiones durante las últimas décadas. Los datos empleados se refieren al período 1985-1999 y a una muestra de 458 explotaciones con ganado bovino (activas en 1999) sobre una población de 1.420 unidades productivas situadas en la Comarca Interior de la provincia de A Coruña. De esas unidades productivas, 46 dejaron de producir leche para reconvertirse a carne en el período estudiado, manteniéndose el resto dedicadas a la producción láctea durante todo el período. Los resultados indican que el abandono de la leche está relacionado de forma positiva con la edad del titular, mientras que otras variables que afectan al proceso de forma negativa son: la superficie total de la explotación, la producción media por vaca y la superficie media por parcela al inicio del período, la existencia de sucesión y el número de personas de la familia que trabajan fuera de la explotación. En cambio, el hecho de haberse realizado la concentración parcelaria no tiene influencia directa en el proceso de abandono de la producción lechera. TITLE: Analysis of the determinant factors affecting changes from dairy to cattle production in the Cantabrian Coast: Empirical analysis for an inland area of Galicia. SUMMARY This paper analyzes the factors that contribute to changes in farming specialization, and it assesses the importance of such factors in the occurred transformations from dairy to cattle farms in Northern Spain. In line with this objective, we examine the role played on this process by the farms´ characteristics as well as farmers´ socio-economic factors. Furthermore, we asses the role played by public land consolidation policies, which were the main structural policies applied in this area during the last decades. Our data came from a representative sample of 458 livestock farms (active in 1999) in the province of A Coruña, during the period 1985-1999. From the total, 46 farms switched their productive orientation quitting dairy and entering into cattle production during the period of study. The rest kept their dairy specialization. Results indicate that dairy exit is positively related to farmer's age. At the same time, it is negatively related to the following variables: dairy production per cow, total land, the existence of heirs, and the amount of family members working outside the farm. Furthermore, the fact that the farm had been involved in a land consolidation process did not have any direct effect on this change of productive orientation.

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Article provided by Spanish Association of Agricultural Economists in its journal Economia Agraria y Recursos Naturales.

Volume (Year): 06 (2006)
Issue (Month): 11 ()

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Handle: RePEc:ags:earnsa:8008
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