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Measurement and analysis of rural household income in a dualistic economy: The case of South Africa

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  • Kirsten, Johann F.
  • Moldenhauer, W.

Abstract

Government Departments in South Africa utilise a number of different data sets on income of rural households. These include the Population Census, the October Household Survey of 1995 and 2000, the Rural Household Survey of 1997 and the various agricultural censuses (1996 and 2003). All of these use different approaches in obtaining household income. The agricultural census, for example, only reports on farm income – excluding the non-farm income. This paper reviews the different sources of household income data, their measurement techniques and the utilisation thereof. The difference in application of various surveys in the former homeland areas and the so-called commercial farming areas are also shown. In the case of the former homeland areas integrated rural household data are used for poverty measurement purposes. The context and methodologies of these surveys are discussed in detail.

Suggested Citation

  • Kirsten, Johann F. & Moldenhauer, W., 2006. "Measurement and analysis of rural household income in a dualistic economy: The case of South Africa," Agrekon, Agricultural Economics Association of South Africa (AEASA), vol. 45(1), March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:agreko:31735
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fields, Gary S., 1975. "Rural-urban migration, urban unemployment and underemployment, and job-search activity in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 165-187, June.
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    3. Hayami, Yujiro & Ruttan, Vernon W, 1970. "Agricultural Productivity Differences Among Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(5), pages 895-911, December.
    4. Mihails Hazans, 2003. "Determinants of Inter-Regional Migration in the Baltic Countries," ERSA conference papers ersa03p354, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Hanson, James A, 1971. "Employment and Rural Wages in Egypt: A Reinterpretation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(3), pages 492-499, June.
    6. Goldsmith, Peter D. & Gunjal, Kisan & Ndarishikanye, Barnabe, 2004. "Rural-urban migration and agricultural productivity: the case of Senegal," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 31(1), pages 33-45, July.
    7. Mundlak, Yair & Larson, Don & Butzer, Ritz, 1997. "The determinants of agricultural production : a cross-country analysis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1827, The World Bank.
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    Keywords

    Consumer/Household Economics;

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