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A macroeconometric panel data analysis of the shaping factors of labour emigration within the European Union


  • Liana SON

    (West University of Timisoara)

  • Graţiela Georgiana NOJA

    (West University of Timisoara)


The research aims to identify and analyse the determinants and shaping factors of labour emigration within the European Union. The analysis is based on developing double-log macroeconometric models that combine cross-section and time series in a panel structure, by using a set of indicators specific for the emigration process, as well as for the economic activity, labour market and education, as main explanatory variables. The results show that high unemployment reduces the emigrant stock, mainly due to the loss of associated income and to the reduction of the migrants’ capacity to move and establish into another country. At the same time, we identified a positive selection of emigrants at destination according to their educational level, while an increase in education in the source country downsizes the stock of emigrants mainly due to an improvement in employment perspectives.

Suggested Citation

  • Liana SON & Graţiela Georgiana NOJA, 2012. "A macroeconometric panel data analysis of the shaping factors of labour emigration within the European Union," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(11(576)), pages 15-30, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:agr:journl:v:11(576):y:2012:i:11(576):p:15-30

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