IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/afe/journl/v18y2016i2p61-72.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Health Expenditure, Climate Changes and Corruption in the MENA Region: A Granger Causality Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Hanan Hamed M. Sileem

    () (Department of Economics, Sadat Academy for Management Sciences, Cairo, Egypt)

Abstract

The growing literature on studying climate change has increased awareness about health problems, yet the job is far from done. This study contributes to understanding the granger causal links between environmental degradation and public health costs by analyzing the relationship between health costs and environmental degradation for a panel of 19 MENA economies over the period 1996 through 2013. Using panel data specifications, the paper identified a two-way relationship between public health expenditure and CO2 emissions. These empirical results link the contribution of CO2 emissions accumulation to the increase in public health expenditure. Furthermore, using Granger causality test, the empirical results highlight the presence of a two-way relationship between public health expenditure and corruption. Thus, corruption could be considered as a constraint to environmental quality and a channel through which environmental degradation triggers more health costs. Evidence of adverse health effects will strengthen the case for preventative policies and can also guide priorities for planned adaptive strategies.

Suggested Citation

  • Hanan Hamed M. Sileem, 2016. "Health Expenditure, Climate Changes and Corruption in the MENA Region: A Granger Causality Approach," Journal of African Development, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA), vol. 18(2), pages 61-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:afe:journl:v:18:y:2016:i:2:p:61-72
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.afeawpapers.org/RePEc/afe/afe-journl/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/05_Sileem_rev3.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Public health expenditure; Carbon Dioxide emissions; Granger Causality Test;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:afe:journl:v:18:y:2016:i:2:p:61-72. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christian Nsiah). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/afeaaea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.