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Einwohnerveredelung im Länderfinanzausgleich: Defizite und ein Alternativvorschlag


  • Tony Mudrack


The relation between per capita public expenditures und population density is implemented in specific population weights, which are used in the German financial equalization schemes. The population weights simulate above-average financial requirements of regions leading to higher transfers. The literature controversially discusses the specific weighting of population. For this reason this paper proposes a significant improvement of the present practice to determine municipal financial requirements on German states level with a higher accuracy. The German financial equalization scheme for the German states balances the tax revenues for the German states as well as the local municipals. So the paper analyzes municipal characteristics und combines these to a specific population weighting. The previous practice of population weighting cannot reflect the situation of German states like Bavaria, where are regions with high population densities as well as rural areas. Furthermore, the population weights should be continually adjusted to the structures of urban development. The paper analyzes the changing financial requirements of German states for a short period of two years only. Moreover the introduced model leads to an elimination of disadvantages for fusions between ‘Stadtstaaten’ and ‘Flächenländern’ by the differentiated observance of local municipal requirements.

Suggested Citation

  • Tony Mudrack, 2012. "Einwohnerveredelung im Länderfinanzausgleich: Defizite und ein Alternativvorschlag," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 132(4), pages 581-608.
  • Handle: RePEc:aeq:aeqsjb:v132_y2012_i4_q4_p581-608

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H61 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Budget; Budget Systems
    • H71 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
    • H73 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism


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