Transitions from Welfare to Employment: Does the Ratio between Labor Income and Social Assistance Matter?
It is often argued that the high level of welfare claims in Germany creates little incentive for workers with low productivity to seek for a job. We examine the influence of the ratio between estimated potential labor income and the welfare payment level on the probability of leaving social welfare. We estimate a discrete time hazard rate model with unobserved heterogeneity using representative micro data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). Our results show that the ratio has a positive effect on the probability of leaving social welfare. This effect is especially relevant for households with a potential labor income higher than their welfare payment level.
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Volume (Year): 125 (2005)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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