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Exports and Firm Characteristics in Germany: A Survey of Empirical Studies (1991 to 2011)

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  • Joachim Wagner

Abstract

Reliable information on the characteristics of exporting and non-exporting firms is important for providing theorists and policy-makers with evidence-based guidance. This holds true especially for Germany, a leading actor on the world markets for goods and services. This paper provides a synopsis and a critical assessment of 51 empirical studies on exports and firm characteristics based on data for German firms (establishments or enterprises) that were published over the last 20 years. I argue that this literature is not suited to provide the stylized facts needed. Reasons include the widespread use of non-representative small cross-section samples, the use of data for establishments (local production units) instead of enterprise-level data, the lack of information on important firm characteristics (including physical capital intensity and information related to innovation activities), the application of econometric methods that are not appropriate to model the share of exports in total sales and the missing control for unobserved firm heterogeneity.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Wagner, 2011. "Exports and Firm Characteristics in Germany: A Survey of Empirical Studies (1991 to 2011)," Applied Economics Quarterly (formerly: Konjunkturpolitik), Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 57(2), pages 145-160.
  • Handle: RePEc:aeq:aeqaeq:v57_y2011_i2_q2_p145-160
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3790/aeq.57.2.145
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    Cited by:

    1. Joachim Wagner, 2015. "A note on firm age and the margins of imports: first evidence from Germany," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(9), pages 679-682, June.
    2. Maria Bramati & Alberto Gaggero & Edna Solomon, 2015. "International Trade and Domestic Competition: Evidence from Belgium," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 46(4), pages 383-399, June.
    3. Ahmed Fayez Abdelgouad, 2016. "Exporting and Workforce Skills-Intensity in the Egyptian Manufacturing Firms: Empirical Evidence Using World Bank Firm-Level Data for Egypt," Working Paper Series in Economics 358, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    4. Kranzusch, Peter & Holz, Michael, 2013. "Internationalisierungsgrad von KMU: Ergebnisse einer Unternehmensbefragung," IfM-Materialien 222, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    5. Wagner Joachim, 2016. "Still Different After All These Years Extensive and Intensive Margins of Exports in East and West German Manufacturing Enterprises," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 236(2), pages 297-322, March.
    6. Schwiebert, Jörg & Wagner, Joachim, 2015. "A Generalized Two-Part Model for Fractional Response Variables with Excess Zeros," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113059, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    7. Valeria Gattai, 2015. "Internationalisation and performance at the firm-level: what we learn from Italy," Economia e Politica Industriale: Journal of Industrial and Business Economics, Springer;Associazione Amici di Economia e Politica Industriale, vol. 42(4), pages 475-509, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exports; firm characteristics; Germany; literature survey;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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