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The Existence of Pareto-Superior Price Limits

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  • Kodres, Laura E
  • O'Brien, Daniel P

Abstract

This paper examines the welfare effects of futures price limits under a simple form of market incompleteness. When prices become volatile, shocks to liquidity and fundamentals may occur between the time investors decide to trade and the time their orders are executed. This gives rise to implementation risk that cannot be transferred with contingent claims. The authors show that price limits partially insure implementation risk. When price fluctuations are driven by news about fundamentals, judiciously chosen price limits can be (ex ante) Pareto superior to unconstrained trade. When liquidity shocks are large, price limits benefit hedgers but harm some speculators. Copyright 1994 by American Economic Association.

Suggested Citation

  • Kodres, Laura E & O'Brien, Daniel P, 1994. "The Existence of Pareto-Superior Price Limits," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 919-932, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:84:y:1994:i:4:p:919-32
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kim, Yong H. & Yagüe, José & Yang, J. Jimmy, 2008. "Relative performance of trading halts and price limits: Evidence from the Spanish Stock Exchange," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 197-215.
    2. Lin, Mei-Chen & Chou, Pin-Huang, 2011. "Prospect theory and the effectiveness of price limits," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 330-349, June.
    3. James Brugler & Oliver Linton, 2014. "Circuit Breakers on the London Stock Exchange: Do they improve subsequent market quality?," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1453, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    4. Yong H. Kim & J. Jimmy Yang, 2009. "Effect of Price Limits: Initial Public Offerings versus Seasoned Equities-super-," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 9(3), pages 295-318.
    5. Sandrine Jacob Leal & Mauro Napoletano, 2016. "Market Stability vs. Market Resilience: Regulatory Policies Experiments in an Agent-Based Model with Low- and High- Frequency Trading," Sciences Po publications 2016-12, Sciences Po.
    6. Lee, Jie-Haun & Chou, Robin K., 2004. "The intraday stock return characteristics surrounding price limit hits," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 14(4-5), pages 485-501.
    7. Recep Bildik & Selim Elekdag, 2004. "Effects of Price Limits on Volatility: Evidence from the Istanbul Stock Exchange," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(1), pages 5-34, January.
    8. Joan Evans & James M. Mahoney, 1996. "The effects of daily price limits on cotton futures and options trading," Research Paper 9627, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    9. Tamir Levy & Joseph Yagil, 2006. "An Empirical Comparison of Price-Limit Models-super-," International Review of Finance, International Review of Finance Ltd., vol. 6(3-4), pages 157-176.
    10. Recep Bildik & Selim Elekdag, 2004. "Effects of Price Limits on Volatility: Evidence from the Istanbul Stock Exchange," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(1), pages 5-34, January.
    11. Levy, Tamir & Qadan, Mahmod & Yagil, Joseph, 2013. "Predicting the limit-hit frequency in futures contracts," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 141-148.
    12. David Abad & Roberto Pascual, 2010. "Switching To A Temporary Call Auction In Times Of High Uncertainty," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 33(1), pages 45-75.
    13. Goldstein, Michael A. & Kavajecz, Kenneth A., 2004. "Trading strategies during circuit breakers and extreme market movements," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 301-333, June.
    14. Shmuel Hauser & Haim Kedar-Levy & Batia Pilo & Itzhak Shurki, 2006. "The Effect of Trading Halts on the Speed of Price Discovery," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 29(1), pages 83-99, February.
    15. Marcelo Fernandes & Marco Aurélio Dos Santos Rocha, 0. "Are price limits on futures markets that cool? Evidence from the Brazilian Mercantile and Futures Exchange," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 5(2), pages 219-242.
    16. Joan Evans & James M. Mahoney, 1997. "The effects of price limits on trading volume: a study of the cotton futures market," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 3(Jan).
    17. Michael A. Goldstein & Kenneth A. Kavajecz, "undated". "Liquidity Provision during Circuit Breakers and Extreme Market Movements," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 1-00, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
    18. Anthony D. Hall & Paul Kofman & Ron Guido, 1998. "Limits to Linear Price Behaviour: Target Zones for Futures Prices Regulated By Limits," Research Paper Series 3, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
    19. Chen-Yu Chen & Jian-Hsin Chou & Hung-Gay Fung & Yiuman Tse, 2017. "Setting the futures margin with price limits: the case for single-stock futures," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 219-237, January.

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