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Groupy versus Non-Groupy Social Preferences: Personality, Region, and Political Party


  • Rachel E. Kranton
  • Seth G. Sanders


This paper replicates results that some people, when allocating income, are "groupy" and discriminate between in and out groups, but many show no such bias. The paper explores psychometric, demographic, and political correlates. In an M-Turk experiment, no "Big Five" personality trait relates to this individual difference. Gender, education, and political party are not predictive. Political independents, however, are more likely to be non-groupy, and participants in deindustrialized counties or Deep South Republicans are more likely to be groupy. The results indicate (i) psychological notions of personality do not capture this heterogeneity and (ii) groupiness might relate to political and social contestation.

Suggested Citation

  • Rachel E. Kranton & Seth G. Sanders, 2017. "Groupy versus Non-Groupy Social Preferences: Personality, Region, and Political Party," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(5), pages 65-69, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:107:y:2017:i:5:p:65-69
    Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.p20171096

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:sochwe:v:49:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s00355-017-1070-8 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Robert Böhm & Jürgen Fleiß & Robert Rybnicek, 2017. "Social Preferences in Inter-Group Conflict," Working Paper Series, Social and Economic Sciences 2017-06, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Karl-Franzens-University Graz.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior


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