IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

O Estado e o crescimento econômico na America Latina: Brasil e México, 1880-1920


  • Carlos Marichal

    (Colegio de Mexico)

  • Steven Topik

    (Univ. of California, Irvine)


The self-proclaimed "liberal" economic policies of Brazil and Mexico in the period of 1870-1910 emphasized, according to the conventional historiography, small government, foreign investment and free trade. We found, however, that the states in Brazil and Mexico, while graded by the theory of liberalism, in fact played central roles in economic development. Links to the international economy paradoxically forced some interventionist policies through new financial and monetary policies, raising tariffs, participation in commodity markets, and promotion of state enterprises such as the nationalization of the railroads. Officials were not driven simply by ideology and their actions changed over time. National sovereignty and political peace were as compelling as the balance of payments and per capita GNP. Markets did not run oar their own, they required states' guidance.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Marichal & Steven Topik, 2003. "O Estado e o crescimento econômico na America Latina: Brasil e México, 1880-1920," História Econômica & História de Empresas, ABPHE, vol. 6(1), pages 7-34, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:abp:hehehe:v:6:y:2003:i:1:p:7-34

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • N76 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N16 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O23 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • P16 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - Political Economy of Capitalism
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:abp:hehehe:v:6:y:2003:i:1:p:7-34. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Hugo Cerqueira). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.