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Interaktion zwischen Wissenschaft und Wirtschaft in Deutschland: Ergebnisse einer Umfrage bei Hochschulen und öffentlichen Forschungseinrichtungen

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Author Info

  • Czarnitzki, Dirk
  • Rammer, Christian
  • Spielkamp, Alfred

Abstract

Die vorliegende Dokumentation fasst wesentliche Ergebnisse einer breit angelegten Umfrage bei Hochschulen und außeruniversitären Forschungseinrichtungen in Deutschland zu deren Interaktionen mit der Wirtschaft zusammen. Befragt wurden über 850 natur- und ingenieurwissenschaftlichen Forschungseinheiten an allgemeinen Universitäten, Technische Universitäten, Fachhochschulen, der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, der Heimholtz-Gemeinschaft, der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft und der Wissenschaftsgemeinschaft G.W. Leibniz. Zum ersten Mal wurden in methodisch vergleichbarer Form einige wichtige Aspekte des Wissens- und Technologietransfers zwischen Wissenschaft und Wirtschaft aus Sicht der öffentlichen Hochschul- und Forschungslandschaft erfasst. Dadurch können die verschiedenen Institutionen der öffentlichen Hochschulen und Forschungseinrichtungen in Deutschland im Wissens- und Technologietransfers hinsichtlich der Intensität der Interaktionen, der genutzten Transferformen sowie die Hemmnisse und Problemfelder beim Wissens- und Technologietransfer charakterisiert werden. --

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research in its series ZEW Dokumentationen with number 00-14.

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Date of creation: 2000
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdok:0014

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References

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  1. Saviotti, Pier Paolo, 1998. "On the dynamics of appropriability, of tacit and of codified knowledge," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(7-8), pages 843-856, April.
  2. Cohen, Wesley M & Levinthal, Daniel A, 1989. "Innovation and Learning: The Two Faces of R&D," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(397), pages 569-96, September.
  3. Donald Siegel & David Waldman & Albert Link, 1999. "Assessing the Impact of Organizational Practices on the Productivity of University Technology Transfer Offices: An Exploratory Study," NBER Working Papers 7256, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Beise, Marian & Stahl, Harald, 1998. "Public research and industrial innovations in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-37, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  5. Bania, Neil & Eberts, Randall W & Fogarty, Michael S, 1993. "Universities and the Startup of New Companies: Can We Generalize from Route 128 and Silicon Valley?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(4), pages 761-66, November.
  6. Ulrich Schmoch, 1999. "Interaction of Universities and Industrial Enterprises in Germany and the United States-A Comparison," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 51-68.
  7. Cowan, Robin & Foray, Dominique, 1997. "The Economics of Codification and the Diffusion of Knowledge," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 6(3), pages 595-622, September.
  8. Schartinger, Doris & Schibany, Andras & Gassler, Helmut, 2001. " Interactive Relations between Universities and Firms: Empirical Evidence for Austria," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 255-68, June.
  9. Bozeman, Barry, 2000. "Technology transfer and public policy: a review of research and theory," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(4-5), pages 627-655, April.
  10. Meyer-Krahmer, Frieder & Schmoch, Ulrich, 1998. "Science-based technologies: university-industry interactions in four fields," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 835-851, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Spyros Arvanitis & Ursina Kubli & Nora Sydow & Martin Woerter, 2005. "Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT) Activities Between Universities and Firms in Switzerland: The Main Facts : An Empirical Analysis Based on Firm-level Data," KOF Working papers 05-115, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
  2. Sidonia vonLedebur, 2006. "A Game Theoretic Analysis of the Conditions of Knowledge Transfer by New Employees in Companies," IWH Discussion Papers 3, Halle Institute for Economic Research.
  3. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Rammer, Christian, 2001. "Technology transfer and the Internet: a chance for outsiders at public science to get into the business?," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-54, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Mark Sellenthin, 2009. "Technology transfer offices and university patenting in Sweden and Germany," The Journal of Technology Transfer, Springer, vol. 34(6), pages 603-620, December.

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